January 22, 2013

Updating employee handbooks: now is the time

Posted in Acknowledgment, Arrest records, At-will Employment, Background Checking, Computer Use, Confidential Information, Conviction Records, Criminal History, Disclaimers, Employee Handbooks, Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), Hiring and Recruiting, Internet Policies, Interviewing, Leaves of Absence, Leaves of Absence, Minnesota Parenting Leave Act, National Labor Relations Act, Protected Concerted Activity, Social Media, Social Media in the Workplace, Social Networking tagged , , , , , , , , at 10:47 am by Tom Jacobson

employee handbook1I recently had the privilege of speaking at and moderating a day-long seminar covering recent developments in employment law. Although the topics ranged broadly from background checks to the basics of employee leave, one common theme emerged: employers who have not kept their employee handbooks and other policies up to date are running the increased risk of liability for legal claims brought by their employees.

For example:

  • Some commonly used “at-will” employment acknowledgments, confidentiality clauses, investigation practices, and social medial policies have been deemed to violate the National Labor Relations Act.
  • The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has published guidance on how arrest and conviction records may be used when performing background checks on applicants or employees. Among other things, these guidelines address when an individualized assessment of an applicant’s or employee’s arrest or conviction record should be done.
  • One recent litigation trend is employers and employees (or former employees)  fighting over the ownership of social media accounts and followers.
  • Recent court decisions have broadly interpreted employees’ rights to parenting leave under Minnesota law.
  • At least four states (California, Illinois, Maryland and Michigan) have adopted laws regulating employers’ access to employees’ social media sites, and similar legislation has been proposed in Minnesota.

What you need to know: If your employee handbooks and policies have not been reviewed by legal counsel and updated recently, now is the time. For more information about this process, please contact me at 320-763-3141 or taj@alexandriamnlaw.com.

The comments posted in this blog are for general informational purposes only. They are not to be considered as legal advice, and they do not establish an attorney-client relationship. For legal advice regarding your specific situation, please consult your attorney.

Copyright 2013 Swenson Lervick Syverson Trosvig Jacobson Schultz, PA

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November 15, 2012

Post-election Facebook faux pas shine light on need for workplace policy

Posted in Computer Use, Discrimination, Employee Handbooks, Facebook, Internet Policies, Race, Social Media in the Workplace, Social Networking tagged , , , , , , , , at 4:19 pm by Tom Jacobson

It’s been barely a week since the 2012 presidential election, but already we are learning of the post-election Facebook faux pas of several employees. For some, their on-line reactions to the electoral outcome have jeopardized their campaigns for continued employment.

For example, one of my readers (thanks, Jay S!) shared with me a Huffington Post report about a  South Carolina teacher who has been suspended and a Ohio teacher who is being investigated — both for their alleged post-election Facebook posts. In the South Carolina case, the teacher is said to have posted, “Congrats Obama. As one of my students sang down the hallway, ‘We get to keep our fooood stamps’…which I pay for because they can’t budget their money…and really, neither can you.” And in the Ohio case, the teacher supposedly posted, “Congrats to those dependent on government, homosexuals, potheads, JAY-Z fans, non Christians, non taxpayers, illegals, communists, Muslims, planned murder clinics, enemies of America, Satan You WON!”

The Los Angeles Times also reports that in Turlock, CA a Cold Stone Creamery employee jumped on Facebook after President Obama’s re-election and posted a racial slur about him, adding, “maybe he will get assassinated.” According to theTimes report, Cold Stone fired her and then tweeted, “The employee is no longer w/the company. We were as shocked as you were by her outrageous & completely unacceptable comments.”

Lastly, WXIA-TV of Atlanta, GA reports that a Georgia clinic worker was recently fired after supposedly posting on Facebook a post-election racial slur about President Obama .

Cases like this do not, however, mean that employers have unbridled discretion to fire employees who they believe have engaged in harmful or offensive social media behavior. There are numerous cases where employees and/or government agencies have successfully challenged employers who have taken such action. Indeed, I wouldn’t be surprised if any of the employees noted above were to challenge their employer’s actions.

What you need to know: If you are an employer, then before disciplining or discharging an employee because of his/her on-line behavior, you must understand and carefully consider the risks. To be proactive, implement and enforce legally sound social media policies. If you are an employee, think twice (or maybe three or four times!) before posting a comment that could cost you your job.

For more information about this article, please contact me at taj@alexandriamnlaw.com.

The comments posted in this blog are for general informational purposes only. They are not to be considered as legal advice, and they do not establish an attorney-client relationship. For legal advice regarding your specific situation, please consult your attorney.

Copyright 2012 Swenson Lervick Syverson Trosvig Jacobson Schultz, PA

November 9, 2012

January 16, 2013 Employment Law Update Announced

Posted in Acknowledgment, Age, Arrest records, At-will Employment, Background Checking, Color, Conviction Records, Criminal History, Disability, Disclaimers, Discrimination, Employee Handbooks, Facebook, Fair Labor Standards Act, Family and Medical Leave Act, Gender / Sex, Harassment, Hiring and Recruiting, Interactive Process, Leaves of Absence, National Labor Relations Act, National Origin, Posting Requirements, Posting Requrements, Protected Concerted Activity, Race, Reasonable Accommodation, Religion, Retaliation, Sexual Harassment, Sick Leave, Social Media, Social Media in the Workplace, Workplace Posters tagged , , , , at 10:28 am by Tom Jacobson

Need continuing education credits?  Want to keep up to date on the latest developments in employment law?  If so, here’s an opportunity for you.

I’ll be moderating Lorman’s Employment Law Update in Fargo, North Dakota on January 16, 2013. The day-long event has been approved for 6.5 hours of HRCI and CLE credit, 1.0 hour of HRPD credit, and 8.0 hours of CPE credit.

In interested, please contact me at taj@alexandriamnlaw.com, or click here for more information or to register.

I hope to see you in Fargo on January 13!

P.S. Don’t forget to ask me about a discount on the registration fee!

October 5, 2012

NLRB Rules in Favor of Employer in its First Facebook Firing Case, Strikes down “Courtesy” Policy

Posted in Computer Use, Employee Handbooks, Facebook, National Labor Relations Act, Protected Concerted Activity, Social Media, Social Media in the Workplace, Social Networking tagged , , , , , , , , , , at 8:58 am by Tom Jacobson

In its first decision in a case involving allegations of a firing over Facebook postings, the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) has ruled in favor of the employer. In the same decision, the Board struck down the employer’s “Courtesy” policy.

The dispute centered mainly around two Facebook postings by a salesman for Knauz BMW in Lake Bluff, IL. In one, he posted sarcastic comments and photos of a Land Rover after it was driven by a customer’s 13-year old child over a wall and into a pond at an adjacent dealership. In the other post, he criticized Knauz for serving hot dogs and water at a luxury car sales event. He was fired a week later. The primary issue in the case became whether he was fired because of the Land Rover photos or because of his criticism of the dealership.

According to the NLRB, being fired for criticizing the dealership may have violated the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA). The NLRA protects the group actions of employees who are discussing or trying to improve their terms and conditions of employment. It also protects individual employees if they are acting on behalf of the group. Here, the NLRB said that because the Facebook criticism “involved co-workers who were concerned about the effect of the low-cost food on the image of the dealership and, ultimately, their sales and commissions,” being fired for those comments may have violated the NLRA.

However, the NRLB also noted that posting the Land Rover photos was not protected by the NLRA. This is because they were “[P]osted solely by [the employee], apparently as a lark, without any discussion with any other employee of the [dealership], and had no connection to any of the employees’ terms and conditions of employment.”

The administrative law judge who tried the case, Joel P. Biblowitz, found that the salesman was fired because of the Land Rover photos and not because of the Facebook criticism. The NLRB agreed with Judge Biblowitz and, therefore, affirmed that the dealership did not violate the NLRA when it fired the salesman.

Another issue in the case was the following “Courtesy” policy at Knauz:

Courtesy: Courtesy is the responsibility of every
employee. Everyone is expected to be courteous, polite
and friendly to our customers, vendors and suppliers, as
well as to their fellow employees. No one should be
disrespectful or use profanity or any other language
which injures the image or reputation of the Dealership.

The three-member panel split 2-1 on whether this policy violated the NLRA. The majority ruled that it did. Their reasoning was that employees may have reasonably believed that the policy prohibited any protests or criticisms, even those protected by the NLRA. The dissenting judge interpreted the rule as “nothing more than a common-sense behavioral guideline for employees” and was not “a restriction on the content of conversations (such as a prohibition against discussion of wages)”.

What you need to know: Because the NLRB ruled that the salesman was fired for a non-protected reason (posting the sarcastic Land Rover photos), the Board did not rule on whether the criticism posted on Facebook was actually protected by the NLRA. The NLRB is likely to rule on that issue in future cases. In the meantime, the boundaries of what kinds of social media commentary are protected by the NLRA remain unclear. Therefore, employees should use care when posting work-related commentary on Facebook, and employers should use care when considering whether to take action based on such postings. In addition, employers should re-evaluate any “courtesy” rules to make sure they do not violate their employees’ rights under the NLRA.

For more information about this article or how to address social media issues in the workplace, please contact me at taj@alexandriamnlaw.com.

The comments posted in this blog are for general informational purposes only. They are not to be considered as legal advice, and they do not establish an attorney-client relationship. For legal advice regarding your specific situation, please consult your attorney.

Copyright 2012 Swenson Lervick Syverson Trosvig Jacobson Schultz, PA

June 12, 2012

NLRB Issues Third Social Media Report

Posted in Computer Use, Employee Handbooks, Facebook, National Labor Relations Act, Protected Concerted Activity, Social Media, Social Media in the Workplace, Social Networking tagged , , , at 9:26 am by Tom Jacobson

The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) on May 30, 2012 issued its third report addressing social media in the workplace.  Like its two previous reports, this one analyzes social media policies used by various employers, and it describes how they are lawful or unlawful under the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA).  This report covers concepts such as:

  • Use of social media and confidential information
  • “Friending” co-workers
  • Privacy, legal matters, online tone, prior permission, and resolving concerns
  • Expressing opinions
  • Bullying
  • Reporting unsolicited electronic communications
  • Unauthorized postings
  • Media and government contact

The NLRB’s third report then concludes with the text of an entire social media policy which it found to be lawful under the NLRA.  “I hope that this report, with its specific examples of various employer policies and rules, will provide additional guidance in this area,” said NLRB Acting General Counsel Lafe Solomon.  Despite Solomon’s optimism, others predict court challenges over what may be an overly restrictive view of what workplace social media policies may say (see A. Smith, NLRB Takes Sledgehammer to Social Media Policies, SHRM Legal Resources, 6/1/12).

For more information about the NLRB’s other social media reports, see my previous articles, Social Media Report #2 Issued by NLRB and Social Media Report Issued by NLRB.

What you need to know:  It’s a fine line between social media posts that are protected concerted activity under the NLRA and those that are not. Likewise, it is a fine line between social media policies that do or do not violate the NLRA. Therefore, before action is taken against an employee because of his or her social media activity, and before social media policies are implemented, the NLRA itself and the NLRB’s position on these issues must be taken into account.

For more information about this article or how to address social media issues in the workplace, please contact me at taj@alexandriamnlaw.com.

The comments posted in this blog are for general informational purposes only. They are not to be considered as legal advice, and they do not establish an attorney-client relationship. For legal advice regarding your specific situation, please consult your attorney.

Copyright 2012 Swenson Lervick Syverson Trosvig Jacobson Schultz, PA

April 20, 2012

Register now for the Ninth Annual West Central MN Employment Law Update!

Posted in Application Process, Harassment, Social Media in the Workplace, Social Networking, Training tagged , , , , at 7:55 am by Tom Jacobson

Registration is now open for the Ninth Annual West Central Minnesota Employment Law Update and Employee Relations Training to be held May 31 at Alexandria Technical and Community College in Alexandria. This year’s topics include:

The seminar will also include the ever-popular panel discussion where the attorney faculty will answer your questions about the morning sessions and other timely topics. HRCI credits are pending approval.

Here’s what some of last year’s participants had to say about our 2011 event:

  • A necessity!
  • Informative!
  • Great Info!
  • Amazing!
  • Excellent!
  • Love it!
  • Real life problems, real life answers!

To register, please complete the Registration Form and submit it to Pat Kalina at the Alexandria Area Economic Development Commission. I hope you can join us on May 31 in Alexandria.

For more information about the seminar, please contact me at taj@alexandriamnlaw.com.

Copyright 2012 Swenson Lervick Syverson Trosvig Jacobson Schultz, PA

March 19, 2012

Dharun Ravi Guilty in Tyler Clementi Cyber-bullying Case

Posted in Cyber Bullying, Employees' Privacy, Internet Policies, Negligent Retention, Sexual Orientation, Social Media in the Workplace, Social Networking tagged , , , , , at 10:02 am by Tom Jacobson

A jury has found Dharun Ravi guilty of 15 criminal charges stemming from the cyber-bullying of his Rutgers University roommate, Tyler Clementi. Ravi was charged with the crimes after he used a webcam to spy on Clementi and another man having sex in their dorm room. Shortly thereafter, Clementi committed suicide.  For more details on the underlying incident, see my October, 2010 post, Tyler Clementi Suicide: Lessons for HR – and for Us All.

Ravi was not charged with any crimes directly related to Clementi’s death, but he was charged with and found guilty of a number of crimes, ranging from invasion of privacy to lying to investigators and witness and evidence tampering.  For more information on the verdict itself, see NY Times article, Jury Finds Spying in Rutgers Dorm Was a Hate Crime.

What you need to know:  Although the case does not directly relate to the workplace, it does have employment law implications.  For example, many states, including Minnesota, recognize invasion of privacy as a legal claim. Therefore, it is entirely conceivable that such claims could be brought against an employer that allows its computers to be used for cyber-bullying.  Many states, including Minnesota, also allow claims to be brought against employers which negligently retain or fail to supervise employees who harm others; if the harm stems from cyber-bullying via a workplace computer, it is not too difficult to envision a negligence claim against the employer who allowed it to happen.  To reduce this risk, employers should adopt workplace technology / social media policies which prohibit the use of the company’s computer resources to commit cyber-bullying.

For more information about this article, please contact me at taj@alexandriamnlaw.com.

The comments posted in this blog are for general informational purposes only. They are not to be considered as legal advice, and they do not establish an attorney-client relationship. For legal advice regarding your specific situation, please consult your attorney.

Copyright 2012 Swenson Lervick Syverson Trosvig Jacobson Schultz, PA

February 1, 2012

Social media report #2 issued by NLRB

Posted in Computer Use, Employee Handbooks, Facebook, National Labor Relations Act, Protected Concerted Activity, Social Media, Social Media in the Workplace, Social Networking tagged , , , at 9:07 am by Tom Jacobson

In my October 19, 2011 article, Social Media Report Issued by NLRB, I wrote about a report issued by Lafe Solomon, Acting General Counsel for the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB).  His report highlighted several cases where actions taken against employees were evaluated under the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA).  Solomon has now issued a second such memorandum.

The new report reiterates the main underpinnings of the initial report.  As summarized by the NLRB:

    • Employer policies should not be so sweeping that they prohibit the kinds of activity protected by federal labor law, such as the discussion of wages or working conditions among employees.
    • An employee’s comments on social media are generally not protected if they are mere gripes not made in relation to group activity among employees.

Because Solomon’s reports quote actual practices and/or policies which were in various cases found to be lawful or unlawful, they are good resources for any employer to review when considering social media-based disciplinary action against an employee or when implementing or revising social media policies.

What you need to know:  It’s a fine line between social media posts that are protected concerted activity under the NLRA and those that are not. Likewise, it is a fine line between social media policies that do or do not violate the NLRA. Therefore, before action is taken against an employee because of his or her social media activity, and before social media policies are implemented, the NLRA itself and the NLRB’s position on these issues must be taken into account.

For more information about this article or how to address social media issues in the workplace, please contact me at taj@alexandriamnlaw.com.

The comments posted in this blog are for general informational purposes only. They are not to be considered as legal advice, and they do not establish an attorney-client relationship. For legal advice regarding your specific situation, please consult your attorney.

Copyright 2011 Swenson Lervick Syverson Trosvig Jacobson Schultz, PA

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